United Nations Environment Programme

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The latest report (Third Assessment Report) of the UNEP/WMO Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) notes a warming of approximately 0.7°C over most of the African continent during the 20th century based on historical records. While the exact nature of the changes in temperature or precipitation, and extreme events are not known, there is general agreement that extreme events will get worse, and trends in most variables will change in response to warming.

By the end of this century, global mean surface temperature is expected to increase between 1.5 ºC and 6ºC. Sea levels are projected to rise by 15 to 95 cm. The expected warming is greatest over the interior of semi-arid margins of the Sahara and central southern Africa. The graphics indicate that temperature rise in Africa corresponds to global temperature rise, and that adverse impacts including extremes, are spread across the diverse environments of Africa, putting a huge proportion of African continent at great risk.




Evidence of Climate Change and Adverse Impacts in Africa

Climate Change Science

The potential impact. What is at stake? Vulnerability and Trends in extreme events.

Advisory Group of Experts

Scientific background



Other climate resources

IPCC Third Assessment Report on Climate Change 2001 (TAR)

UNEP.Net Climate portal