Graphics Library >> Marine Litter Vital Graphics >> Plasticized animal species - ...

Plasticized animal species - Entangled

Plasticized animal species - Entangled

File type Download Size Language
.pdf .pdf Download 256 kb -
.jpg .jpg Download 301 kb -
Uploaded 14 Jun 2016 by Tom Skarning
Year: 2016
From collection: Marine Litter Vital Graphics
Author: GRID-Arendal and Maphoto/Riccardo Pravettoni
Description:
Entanglement in debris is a more obvious and proven risk to marine life than other impacts of litter, which are still subject to debate. More than 30,000 cases of entanglement (in 243 species) have been reported (Gall and Thompson, 2015). Entanglement can cause a quick or a slow death through drowning, starvation, strangulation or cuts and injury that cause infection (Laist 1997). Much of the damage to organisms is caused by discarded fishing equipment – so-called “ghost fishing”. It is a problem tturtles, seals, dolphins, dugongs, sharks and large fish. For example, studies examining scarring on whales from the Gulf of Maine indicate that more than 80 per cent of right whales and 50 per cent of humpback whales have experienced entanglement in fishing gear (Knowlton et al., 2011; Robbins and Mattila 2004). In the North West Atlantic, it is estimated that between 1970 and 2009, more than 300 large whales died as a result of entanglement, a significant ...
Downloads: 211     Rating: 3
  • How much plastic is estimated to be in the oceans and where it may be
  • How much plastic waste is produced worldwide
  • How plastic moves from the economy to the environment
  • Most common and visible litter items in beaches
  • Natural processes aecting the distribution and fate of plastics
  • Plastic input into the oceans
  • Preventing is better  than cleaning up
  • The impact of plastic pollution on  oceans is at least $8 bn per year