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Tag: Pollution

Deaths Caused by Household Air Pollution, by Region 2012.
Of the 4.3 million deaths attributable to HAP, almost all are in low and middle-income countries.
27 Aug 2015 - by GRID-Arendal
Environmental crime network
The opportunities ecosystems provide for future development are threatened by serious and increasingly sophisticated transnational organized environmental crime. This includes illegal logging, poaching and trafficking of...
19 Jun 2014 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID Arendal
The Himalayas - SLCPs in High Elevation Regions
SLCPs, especially BC and co-pollutants, are major contributors to the South Asian atmospheric brown cloud, with important consequences for monsoon rainfall and glacier retreat. Fast action on SLCPs could help slow the ra...
19 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Effects on Public Health - Air Pollution, a Preventable Risk
SLCPs, particularly O3 and BC and co-pollutants, which are important parts of PM2.5 air pollution, are harmful to human health. Globally, PM2.5 is a major global cause of premature mortality. Indoor and outdoor PM2.5 air...
19 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
SLCP Climate Benefit - Avoided Global Warming
Rapid implementation of SLCP mitigation measures, together with measures to reduce CO2 emissions, would greatly improve the chances of keeping the Earth´s temperature increase to less than 2˚C relative to pre-industrial ...
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
What are Short-Lived Climate Pollutants?
SLCPs are substances with a relatively short lifetime in the atmosphere – a few days to a few decades – and a warming effect on near term climate. The main SLCPs are BC, CH4, tropospheric O3, and many HFCs. A reduction i...
20 Jun 2014 - by GRID-Arendal
Sources of marine litter
Marine litter is “any persistent, manufactured or processed solid material discarded, disposed of or abandoned in the marine and coastal environment” (Galgani et al. 2010). It reaches the marine environment through delib...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Sources of environmental impact on the Mediterranean Sea
The National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) has undertaken modelling to perform comprehensive spatial analysis and mapping of human pressures throughout the Mediterranean Basin. This work builds o...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Major types of marine litter in the Mediterranean
A large proportion of marine litter is plastics (UNEP 2009). The impact of large plastic material on the environment has been widely studied. Effects include entanglement of marine animals in plastic and ingestion of ...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Mean concentrations of trace metals and Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
The term trace metal is used here for potentially toxic metals that persist in the environment, bioaccumulate in human and animal tissues, and biomagnify in food chains. Metals and organometallic compounds are commonly i...
19 Nov 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Hazards in and around the Caspian
The map highlights the various environmental hazards around the Caspian Sea.
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Discharge of selected pollutants
Data referring to the Biological Oxygen Demand load (BOD), total suspended solids (TSS), total nitrogen and total phosphorus levels were available for all five of the Caspian countries through the Baseline Inventory Re...
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Urbanisation on the Caspian shores
The population dynamics of the Caspian littoral states (US Census Bureau 2010) in 1992 – 2007 vary: while the overall population of Kazakhstan and Russia has declined by 7.6 and 4.8 per cent respectively, the population...
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Cheleken Peninsula pollution sources
The figure shows the sources of pollution in the Cheleken Peninsula.
17 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Nitrogen sources to watershed exports to the oceans
Over the last 20 years, significant data and experience in understanding and addressing the sectoral drivers, pressures, sources, impacts and response to reactive nitrogen have been gathered and progress made in trying t...
16 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM)
Mercury residues from mining and industrial processing, as well as mercury in waste, have resulted in a large number of contaminated sites all over the world. Polluted soil can contain as much as 400 grammes of mercury p...
11 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Long-range mercury transport
Coal burning for electric power generation and for industrial purposes continues to increase, especially in Asia (UNEP, 2013). Assessing the global spread and fate of mercury is a challenging task, as there are few studi...
11 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Regional mercury emissions in 2010
Global emissions of mercury to the air in 2010 from human activities were estimated at 1,960 tonnes. Although it is difficult to compare emissions estimates for individual years, total anthropogenic emissions of mercury ...
11 Oct 2013 - by GRID-Arendal
Cheleken Peninsula pollution sources
Khazar (formerly Cheleken) is a town of 10 000 people (once 16 000), located on the Cheleken peninsula on the Caspian shore. Iron bromide (FeBr2) production started at the Cheleken plant in 1940, followed by iodine p...
08 Mar 2012 - by Riccardo Pravettoni, GRID-Arendal
Net national savings in 2001 adjusted for investments in human capital, natural resource depletion, and damage caused by pollution compared with standard net national savings measurements
Positive values for national savings (expressed as a percent of gross national income) reflect a gain in wealth for a nation. Standard measures do not incorporate investments in human capital (in standard national accoun...
30 Nov 2007 - by Philippe Rekacewicz, Emmanuelle Bournay, UNEP/GRID-Arendal
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