Programmes > Environmental Crime > Publications

Environmental Crime


Waste Crime - Waste Risks: Gaps in Meeting the Global Waste Challenge
More than ever, our future depends upon how we manage the future of our waste.As an integrated part of sustainable development, effective waste management canreduce our global footprint. Ignoring or neglecting the challenges of waste, however,can lead to significant health, environmental and economic consequences.
11 May 2015
State of the Rainforest
Destruction of the rainforest and other tropical forests continue on a dramatic scale in spite of unprecedented global attention to the issue of deforestation and the role of forests in mitigating greenhousegas emissions. The global figures for deforestation are contested:Two main sources of data, the FAO’s Globa ...
15 Sep 2014
How to identify Forest Crime - Africa, Asia and Latin America
The illegal trade and exploitation in flora, such as illegal logging, has been estimated to represent a value of 30–100 billion USD annually. This equals 10–30% of the total global timber trade. An estimated 50–90% of the wood in some tropical countries is suspected to come from illegal sources or has been logged ...
29 Aug 2014
The Environmental Crime Crisis
Given the alarming pace, level of sophistication, and globalized nature that illegal trade in wildlife has now notoriously achieved, UNEP initiated a Rapid Response Assessment to provide some of the latest data, analysis, and broadest insights into the phenomenon. Tackling illegal wildlife trade demands this exam ...
24 Jun 2014
Elephants in the Dust - The African Elephant Crisis
The African elephant, the largest remaining land mammal on the planet, is facing thegreatest crisis in decades. Reports of mass elephant killings in the media vividly illustratethe situation across many African elephant range States. This Rapid Response Assessment provides an overview of the current state of the ...
06 Mar 2013
Stolen Apes - The illicit trade in Chimpanzees, Gorillas, Bonobos and Orangutans
The illegal trade in wildlife makes up one part of the multi-billion dollar business thatis environmental crime and is increasingly being perpetrated at the cost of the poorand vulnerable.
04 Mar 2013
Green Carbon, Black Trade: Illegal Logging, Tax Fraud and Laundering in the Worlds Tropical Forests
Environmental crime and the illegal grabbing of natural resources is becoming an evermore sophisticated activity requiring national authorities and law enforcement agenciesto develop responses commensurate with the scale and the complexity of the challengeto keep one step ahead.
27 Sep 2012
Orangutans and the Economics of Sustainable Forest Management in Sumatra
Deforestation is responsible for approximately 17% of global greenhouse gas emissions, and is therefore a major contributor to climate change, but also to the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services and a direct threat to Asia’s great ape – the orangutan. Between 2005-2010, Indonesia had accelerating forest l ...
28 Sep 2011
The Last Stand of the Gorilla - Environmental Crime and Conflict in the Congo Basin
Gorillas, the largest of the great apes, are under renewed threat across the Congo Basin from Nigeria to the Albertine Rift: poaching for bushmeat, loss of habitat due to agricultural expansion, degradation of habitat from logging, mining and charcoal production are amongst these threats, in addition to natural e ...
24 Mar 2010
The Last Stand of the Orangutan
State of Emergency: Illegal Logging, Fire and Palm Oil in Indonesia's National Parks The survival of orangutans and other rain forest wildlife in Indonesia is seriously endangered by illegal logging, forest fires including those associated with the rapid spread of oil palm plantations, illegal hunting and trade.
17 Oct 2007