Polar and Mountain Environments


Sustainable mountain development in East Africa in a changing climate
Mountains directly contribute to the lives of much of the world’s population through the provision of freshwater or irrigation for agriculture; they are the source of rivers, along which human settlements are able to flourish. While acting as the lifeblood for many communities, these fragile landscapes are under ...
19 Oct 2016
Outlook on Climate Change Adaptation in the Tropical Andes Mountains
The Tropical Andes are the home to many diverse communities, from remote farming villages to large urban centres and capitals, such as Merida, Bogotá, Quito, Cusco and La Paz. In total, about 60 million people live between 1,000 to 4,500 meters. The climate in the region is tropical, with low seasonal variation i ...
27 Apr 2016
Outlook on Climate Change Adaptation in the South Caucasus Mountains
Changes in climate patterns are already evident in the South Caucasus countries – Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia. Annual temperatures are increasing accompanied by severe heat waves and droughts. More extreme weather events, such as heavy rains and unusual hail storms, and changes in precipitation patterns are a ...
11 Dec 2015
The Himalayan Climate and Water Atlas: Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources in five of Asia's Major River Basins
The first atlas of its kind, this new publication offers a comprehensive, regional understanding of the changing climate and its impact on water resources in five of the major river basins in the region: the Indus, Brahmaputra, Ganges, Salween and Mekong.
11 Dec 2015
Outlook on Climate Change Adaptation in the Western Balkan Mountains
The Western Balkans is a mountainous region and a hotspot of climate change. Over the past decades, warming has accelerated, and throughout the 21st century it is projected to be higher than the world average. The observed changes in precipitation over the past few decades are less clear, but almost all climate m ...
10 Dec 2015
Future Imperfect: Climate change and adaptation in the Carpathians
The Carpathian region, forming an integrative part ofthe wider Danube region, is a mountainous area of outstanding natural and cultural heritage shared byseven Carpathian countries, the majority of them being members of the European Union.
24 Sep 2014
The Last Straw? The additional burden of climate change on food security in the Himalaya
The food price spikes of 2007–08 brought foodsecurity into sharp focus on the global agenda.Declines in international commodity markets,financial speculation in low cereal stocks, dramaticweather events, soaring oil prices, and growth inbiofuels competing for cropland merged to producea global crisis. Coupled wit ...
12 Aug 2014
Mountain policy briefs for discussions on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Mountains cover 25 percent of the world’s land surface, and directly support 12 percent of the world’s population living within mountain regions. Sustainable mountain development should be a global priority given the multitude of ecosystem goods and services that mountains provide; among the most important is wat ...
03 Feb 2014
Protecting Arctic Biodiversity: Limitations and strengths of environmental agreements
The Arctic region is characterized by some of the largest continuous intact ecosystems on the planet, but is facing increasingly larger threats. These threats include the full range of stressors known from other parts of the world, namely habitat loss and fragmentation from infrastructure and industrial developme ...
27 Oct 2010