The Global Gender and Environment Outlook (GGEO) was first proposed to UNEP by the Network of Women Ministers and Leaders for the Environment (NWMLE) at the 2012 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20). In 2014 the United Nations Environment Assembly welcomed the development of the GGEO, together with the use of social science information and gender-relevant indicators to examine links between gender and the environment.
The GGEO was developed and written by a global team of almost 50 experts, with inputs from major groups and international organizations as well as guidance from dozens of reviewers.
Gender inequality is one of the most pervasive threats to sustainable development. It has negative impacts on access to, use of and control over a wide range of resources, and on the ability to meet human rights obligations with respect to enjoyment – by women and men – of a clean, safe, healthy and sustainable environment.
The GGEO provides an overview of current knowledge and gives a first set of answers to the following key policy-relevant questions:
What social forces are producing the changes seen in the environment, and are they gender-dependent?
What are the large-scale consequences of ongoing environmental changes for social systems and human security, and are these consequences genderdifferentiated?
What do future projections and outlooks look like, are they gender-differentiated, and will there be different outcomes for women and men?
What actions could be taken for a more sustainable future that would position women and men as equal agents in taking such actions, and which socio-economic factors could shape different outcomes and responses for women and men?